IPv6 (Internet Protocol version 6) it is basically an upgrade of version IPv4 is also called IPng (Internet Protocol next generation), the IP address has been stretched to 128 bits from 32 bits ,This extension anticipates considerable future growth of the Internet and provides relief for shortage of network addresses as the address space allowed by IPv4 is saturating.
IPv6 highlights include:
- • 1280-byte parcel size is bolstered by it (without discontinuity).
- • Moves discretionary information to IPv6 augmentation headers.
- • Uses Multicast Neighbor Solicitation messages to determine IP locations to connection layer addresses.
- • Uses Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) messages to oversee participation in nearby subnet gatherings.
- • Uses ICMPv6 Router Solicitation and Router Advertisement messages to decide the IP address of the best default door.
- • Supports source and goal addresses that are 128 bits (16 bytes) in length.
- • Requires IPSec bolster.
- • Uses Flow Label field to distinguish parcel stream for QoS taking care of by switch.
- • Allows the host to send parts parcels however not switches.
- • In the header Checksum is excluded.
- • Uses a connection neighborhood scope all-hubs multicast address.
- • Manual setup or DHCP are not required for the more up to date form.
- • Uses have address (AAAA) asset records in DNS to guide have names to IPv6 addresses.
- • Uses pointer (PTR) asset records in the IP6.ARPA DNS area to outline
IPv4 all alone does not give any security highlight. Information must be encoded with some other security application before being sent on the Internet.
Information prioritization in IPv4 is not forward. In spite of the fact that IPv4 has a couple of bits held for Type of Service or Quality of Service, however they don’t give much usefulness.
IPv4 empowered customers can be arranged physically or they require some address setup instrument. It doesn’t have a system to arrange a gadget to have all around interesting IP address.
Test your IPv6 connectivity from the link given above it will show you whether IPv6 is detected or not as per your current ISP (Internet Service Provider), if not this means the current configuration is not useful for browsing IPv6 web sites in such case you are immediately required to contact your ISP to configure as per the new internet protocol standard.
HOW TERMINOLOGY ADDRESSED IN IPv6
• IP address:
– Rather than IPv4 gadget will have an IPv6 address, aside from length and marginally variation appearance everything is indistinguishable
• Subnet Mask:
– There are two distinct documentations while subnetting for the new form, it is revamped utilizing cut and a number that opposes the veiling. When somebody enter in the address it will naturally will change into hexadecimal number and will be unmistakable amidst the address
• Gateway Address :
– It will assigned remembering how activity can be directed of the current subnet , if one of a kind residential location utilized as a part of IPv6 then in such case address can’t be steered on the web. Address determination convention (ARP) is super surrendered with neighbor revelation convention (NDP).